What is a Dental Implant? How is it applied?

Diş İmplantı Nedir? Nasıl Uygulanır?

What is a Dental Implant? How is it applied?

Dental implants are screws that act as tooth roots made of titanium, which are placed inside the jawbone in single or multiple missing teeth. The jawbone perceives titanium as a part of the body, and implants have a high success rate due to high tissue compatibility. Fixed or removable prostheses can be made on it. It is performed without any interference with neighboring teeth. Both the chewing sensation being closest to normal and the possibility of treatment without interfering with other teeth; In the century we live in, implant methods have become one of the most applied treatment methods.


In Which Situations Is Dental Implant Applied?

Dental implants; It is an ideal option for good oral health in people who have lost their teeth due to periodontal disease, caries, trauma or any other reason. People with missing teeth experience many functional and aesthetic problems. In the absence of teeth, an effective chewing cannot be done. Since tooth loss causes the bite to change; can cause problems in the jaw joint. In addition, people’s self-confidence can be affected due to aesthetic problems and speech disorders that may occur.

In areas where teeth are missing, melting occurs in the jawbone over time. The application of the implant following tooth extraction significantly reduces this amount of melting. It is a more protective application than traditional bridges as it does not receive support from neighboring teeth. Implants are also applied in order to prevent the prosthesis from moving in the mouth when a fixed prosthesis (such as a crown or bridge) cannot be made in cases where the last teeth in the jaws are missing, when a removable prosthesis is not preferred, or when the jawbone becomes blurred in completely edentulous mouths, making it difficult to use a total prosthesis.


In Which Situations Is Dental Implant Not Applied?
    • For patients who have not completed their growth and development
    • Pregnant women
    • Patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy to the jawbones
    • Patients taking bisphosphonates, monoclonal antibodies, corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs
    • In chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, liver and kidney failure, coagulation problems and immune system disorders, our patients’ doctors are consulted to evaluate whether their diseases are under control or whether changes can be made in the drug protocols they use, and the implant operation can be performed at the appropriate time.



How is a Dental Implant Applied?

Before starting dental implant treatment, a detailed clinical and radiological examination is performed. Bone structure and anatomical neighborhoods are carefully evaluated with three-dimensional imaging methods. Implant treatment can be performed under local anesthesia, or sedation or general anesthesia can be preferred when necessary. With a surgical operation, a slot is opened in the areas where the implant is planned and the implant is placed. After the implant is placed in the jawbone and the necessary time is waited for it to heal, the prosthesis is made by attaching the necessary healing caps for the prosthesis and the caps to be used in the prosthesis infrastructure.

Local anesthesia used during tooth extraction is sufficient for a painless intervention in dental implant application. Conscious sedation or general anesthesia may be required according to some medical requirements and sometimes the patient’s request. Painkillers are enough to make you feel comfortable after the operation. Most of the patients talk about less discomfort than in tooth extraction.